The Department of Anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley was established on September 10, 1901. Franz Boas, then teaching at Columbia University, urged the establishment of the Department to ensure the documentation of California Indian languages and cultures. The first professor in the department, Alfred L. Kroeber, was Boas' first doctoral student at Columbia. The founding of the Department realized University Regent Phoebe Apperson Hearst's interest in establishing a program in anthropological research at the University. Hearst provided all funds for salaries, facilities, and research in the Department until 1906.